The vineyards of Aragon originated in the Celtiberian period. The region was the site of the Roman village called Carae, hence the name Cariñena. It is known today that around the 3rd century BC. the inhabitants drank wine mixed with honey.
Cariñena is defined by wine. Its history has always been linked to wine, and for centuries its reputation for its wines has spread around the world.
In 1415, the wines of Cariñena went with King Ferdinand I on his journey form Aragon to Nice.
"Cariñena" was spoken of in the chronicles of many Spanish and foreign travellers who journeyed through the peninsula. Enrique Cock tells of how, in 1585, Philip II was received in Cariñena by two wine fountains, "one of white and the other of red, and whoever wanted to, drank from them".
"Cariñena wines are part of the journey of King Ferdinand I of Aragon to Nice".
In 1696, the village of Cariñena was the site of the creation and signing of the "Vine Statute", whose aim was to limit the number of plantations based on the quality of the land where the vineyards were planted.
Thus, it is no accident that the fourteen Aragonese municipalities that make up the denomination of origin were pioneers when it came to acquiring the obligations and privileges mandated by the statute.
In 1785, Joseph Townsend said: "The wine produced in this district is of the best quality, and I do not doubt that it will be greatly sought after in England as soon as a sea link is established."
In 1862, Charles Davillier wrote in his travel journal: "A few leagues away (…) lie the vineyards of Cariñena, which have long been renowned in Spain. The white wine of Cariñena, the name of which is seen in all the wine shops of Madrid, is worthy of being better known outside Spain, especially the wine from the grenache grape."
Near the end of the 19th century, Phylloxera had destroyed French vineyards and leading winemaking families from France settled in the Aragonese region. From then on, Cariñena underwent significant commercial and scientific development that included, amongst other things, the building of a narrow-gauge railway line from Cariñena to Zaragoza; the line was inaugurated in 1887 to export production from the area.
In 1891, the pioneering spirit of Cariñena was reflected in the creation of the first national winemaking congress, which was held in Zaragoza.
The area\'s history and the exemplary behaviour of its winemakers in the fight against phylloxera led to Cariñena being granted a city charter in 1909 by King Alfonso XIII.
Cariñena is the only region in the world to give its name to a grape variety, the Cariñena grape, based on origin. The name Cariñena was also used to identify the Denomination of Origin in 1932, the oldest to gain official recognition in Spain.
The inhabitants of the Roman city of Caræ (now called Cariñena) drank wine mixed with honey.
The wines of Cariñena went with King Ferdinand I on his journey form Aragon to Nice
Felipe II was greeted in Cariñena by two fountains of wine.
The Statute of the Vine was approved in the village of Cariñena.
Count Aranda sent wines from his cellar in Almonacid de la Sierra to the French philosopher Voltaire, whose reponse was: "If this wine is form your property [...] the Promised land is close bay."
Joseph Townsend declared: "Cariñena Wine is of the best quality. I do not doubt that it will be much sought after in England."
Alexander Laborde commented that in Cariñena, "an exquisite wine is made, particularly form the Garnacha grape."
The First National Winegrowing Congress, held in Zaragoza. A fewyears previously, a railway line was built from Cariñena to Zaragoza to export production from the sea.
King Alfonso XIII granted city status to Cariñena in recognition of its history and its role in the fight against phylloxera.
Recognition was granted to Cariñena Denomination of Origin.
Their more than 4 300 hectares of vineyard are spread over the slopes of the Algairén and Pecos mountain ranges and extend between the Huerva River and the Jalón River. The vineyards form part of one of the richest and most varied landscapes in the world with vineyards of different ages at different heights between 320 and 850 metres above sea level, planted in a range of soils and in varying climate conditions - with so much variety to choose from, there\'s great liberty to make great wines of many different styles.
GRANDES VINOS has the distinction of being the only winery in the Denomination of Origin with vineyards in the 14 municipal areas of the Campo de Cariñena District which is what sets it apart.
Some of the key ingredients to the variety of GRANDES VINOS\'s vineyards are: the millennia-old soils made up of stones, rocky layers, minerals and earth that give the name to the wines of Cariñena, "Vino de las Piedras" (Wine of Stones); and the Cierzo, the strong, dry wind that blows from the north, helping to regulate the temperature of vineyards and protecting them from pests.
Cariñena is the only region in the world to give its name to a variety of grape, the Cariñena, due to its origin; in France, the variety is known as the Carignan. The average age of Carignan than 32 years.
The Grenache is the most widespread variety in the area, and also has its origins in Aragon, where it shows its maximum potential given the age of its vines together with the altitude, soil, and climate. 40% of the vineyards of Garnacha has more than 40 years and 5% exceeds 85 years.
GRANDES VINOS has rolled out a full program for vineyard selection, identifying the best plots which will receive a tailored grapegrowing and winemaking process.
The technical department, with the backing of the CDTI (Centro para el Desarrollo Tecnológico Industrial – Centre for Industrial Technological Development), administers a tool to handle data that has been collected in the field and the winery, improving the company’s decision-making process and competitiveness.
GRANDES VINOS has three weather stations in different localities. These weather stations give GRANDES VINOS complete vision and control over the vineyards, to begin harvesting at just the right time. The weather stations help to improve and optimize cultivated areas.
The Technical Department directs and oversees the work to be done in the selected vineyards. It oversees phytosanitary treatments, tillage, irrigation, thinning, harvest and many other facets of the viticulture. Each plot is visited constantly to evaluate its progress.
EIt is essential that the grapes arrive in perfect condition to the winery. GRANDES VINOS supports the elimination of insecticides in the treatment of the vines and they support the “Sexual-Confusion” technique as a clean treatment to control of grape moths obtaining a healthier and better quality grape.
This technique is currently applied across all GRANDES VINOS’s vineyards as part of the strategic approach to reducing the environmental impact and the carbon footprint.
Another aspect of the Technical Department is to monitor the grape maturation. Constant chemical, physical, and sensory reviews are performed. The change in data marks the start of the harvest in each area.